Büşra Arı, M.A.


ab 2019: Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Ph.D Department of East European History Thesis Title: Poverty in Turkey (1950-1980) Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Stefan Plaggenborg

2015 – 2017: Dokuz Eylul University, M.A. Major: History TeacherEducation Thesis Title: The Medical Mission of American Missionaries in the 19th Century Izmir Supervisor: Ercan Uyanik, Ph.D. Final Grade: 3.94

2010 – 2015: Dokuz Eylul University, B.A. Major: History TeacherEducation Final Grade: 3.00

January 2015 – June 2015: Intern (History Teacher), Buca Anatolian HighSchool

September 2014 – Januar 2015: Intern (History Teacher), Fatma Saygin Anatolian High School

2014: Outstanding Design Award Awarded for Project entitled: “Daily Life in the Middle Ages”


The politics of poverty in Turkey: Managing poverty through economic and social planning (1950-1980)


During the thirty years between 1950 and 1980, Turkey experienced a period of turbulent social and political change that had a lasting effect on Turkish society. In social and cultural terms, the country displayed all characteristics of a society in crisis during these years. The advancing industrialization policy during the 1960s, the integration of the Turkish economy into the global market, the expansion of transport and communication networks, the introduction of new production forms, the mechanization of agriculture not only led to economic growth, but also facilitated social mobility and social differentiation. In the metropolises emerged a new industrial workforce, the new middle class as well as economic interest groups. On the other side, the transformation of a largely pre-capitalist peasant society to one into capitalism was accompanied by an unregulated urbanization and migration flow from the countryside that fundamentally changed the social fabric of society. The most tangible effects of the social change were, among others, reflected in the impoverishment of the rural migrants, mass unemployment and the emergence of shanty towns (gecekondus) on the edge of large cities, which exacerbated the social situation and deepened the existing social rifts within society. As a result, a new form of urban poverty emerged in the major urban centers.